Periodontal CareDid you know that the oral cavity and body is interconnected? Many research studies show that periodontal disease can lead to diabetes, heart disorders, respiratory ailments, etc. Periodontal problems in pregnant women may induce preterm delivery and low-birth-weight babies. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), half of the adult population in the United States suffers from periodontal disease. Dental disorders especially those affecting the periodontium often go unnoticed, and this warrants regular dental visits.

What is periodontal disease?

The inflammation and infection of the periodontium or the supporting structures that surround the tooth is called as periodontal disease. Dental plaque and tartar are the two main culprits that lead to gum diseases. Apart from this, the habit of smoking, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, malaligned teeth, hormonal imbalances, medications, etc. are also considered as important risk factors.

At the initial stage, you may notice red and swollen gums, bleeding during brushing and halitosis or bad breath. The periodontal disease first affects the gums and causes gingivitis. If left untreated, the condition may advance to the more severe stage of periodontitis; clinically manifesting as gum recession, exposed root surfaces and tooth mobility. The condition may be localized to few teeth or may be generalized if it involves almost the entire dentition. Removable partial dentures may become loose, and some people also experience a change in the way their teeth meet each other while biting (occlusion). The inflammation and destruction of the alveolar bone may eventually result in tooth loss.

The tools to fight against periodontal disease

Prevention

Brushing teeth twice a day along with flossing and using mouthwash helps to prevent the buildup of dental plaque. However, the biofilm may be present beyond the gum line, and the subgingival areas are difficult to clean with a manual or electric toothbrush. Eventually, dental calculus or tartar may be formed. The bacteria in the plaque and tartar is responsible for the initiation of the periodontal disease. Thus, professional cleaning should complement the dental care at home for the prevention of gum diseases.

Dr. Benjamin Hull and his team advise as well as follow the preventative approach to dental care. According to American Dental Association (ADA), every individual should go for a dental check-up once every six months. This methodology helps to diagnose the dental diseases at the stage of incubation. Regular dental visits and professional cleaning can assist in the prevention of periodontal disease. McLoughlin Dental Care on the subject of the importance periodontal care has said, "Unfortunately, you may not even realize you have gum disease as the signs and symptoms are not always as apparent to you as they are to a dental professional."

Treatment

For gingivitis scaling and root planning can effectively manage the mild form of periodontal disease. Dr. Hull will also prescribe you special toothbrush and other dental aids that will help you in quick recovery from the ailment. If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, Dr. Hull will design a customized follow-up plan depending on your clinical situation. You may be advised few more appointments for cleaning.

For periodontitis Dr. Hull always carries out a comprehensive periodontal evaluation during the clinical examination. Depending on the severity of the condition and the damage of the periodontal tissues, you may need surgical periodontal therapy like flap surgery with or without bone grafts, gum graft surgeries, etc. Dr. Hull uses the latest technology in the treatment of periodontal disease. Many studies have shown that the bacteria that live in the periodontal pockets are resistant strains. However, these microorganisms can be treated with special lasers. This method reduces the chances of extensive periodontal surgery. You may also need rehabilitative therapy like dental crowns, dental bridge or dental implants and aesthetic dental corrections.

After the treatment phase, Dr. Hull will recommend you a personalized maintenance program to monitor the progress.

Periodontal Care is Important

Periodontal care is important as teeth are our precious assets. Professional cleaning at regular intervals helps in preserving the integrity of the periodontium. However, you may need more extensive therapy in the advanced stages.

Dr. Hull’s clinic has the ‘state-of-the-art’ instruments for the diagnosis and treatment of dental diseases including the gum problems. The laser therapy offered at Dr. Hull’s clinic will save you from advanced surgeries. Dr. Hull is friendly, and he takes time to talk with his patients. He always recommends regular dental visits so that gum diseases can be diagnosed in the early stages.

Do you have further questions or want to know more about periodontal care? Call us today at 208.597.7729 to schedule your appointment.